3 years ago, Posted by: gamstra

Resensi Buku Sejarah Tuhan Karya Karen Amstrong

RESENSI BUKU

 

Sejarah Tuhan merupakan buku yang menarik untuk ditambahkan dalam koleksi buku semua orang karena topiknya yang universal. Buku ini memberi pengetahuan menarik tentang perkembangan konsep Tuhan dalam pemikiran berbagai kebudayaan sepanjang sejarah. Penggambaran sejarah Tuhan didukung oleh berbagai fakta, mitos, dan legenda dalam sejarah manusia sehingga topik yang terlihat berat ini menjadi menarik untuk dibaca. Pemaparan tentang sejarah Tuhan ini akan membuat pembaca merenungkan cara-cara manusia, termasuk pembaca sendiri, dalam memandang suatu entitas yang disebut Tuhan. Penulis buku ini, Karen Armstrong, memberi contoh dari berbagai kebudayaan di dunia dan mengaitkannya dalam satu tema besar, yaitu pencarian manusia akan Tuhan yang ideal dan sesuai kebutuhan masing-masing zaman. 

Sejarah Tuhan menyajikan berbagai peristiwa dalam sejarah kehidupan manusia sebagai bagian dari evolusi pandangan manusia terhadap suatu kekuasaan tertinggi yang disebut Tuhan. Misalnya, pergantian kepercayaan akan satu Tuhan pada masa purba awal ke kepercayaan pagan yang memiliki banyak Tuhan menyerupai manusia dijelaskan sebagai keinginan untuk menjangkau Tuhan-Tuhan baru yang lebih dekat dengan manusia dibandingkan satu Tuhan Mahakuasa, tetapi berada jauh di luar jangkauan manusia. 

Buku ini menjelaskan bagaimana manusia sebenarnya memiliki naluri alamiah untuk berdekatan dengan yang gaib; entitas tertinggi dari yang gaib bagi manusia adalah Tuhan. Hal ini diceritakan secara kronologis sejak berkembangnya monoteisme purba menjadi politeisme pagan di seluruh dunia. Ada pula pendapat menarik tentang bagaimana Tuhan tiga agama monoteisme besar (Yahudi, Kristen, Islam) diimplementasikan oleh bangsa

India menjadi dewa-dewa Hindu dan Budha, juga kaitannya dengan kepercayaan akan nirwana pada agama Budha. Di samping itu, juga diceritakan bagaimana perkembangan kebudayaan pagan yang penuh mitos dan ritual akhirnya membawa manusia kembali pada monoteisme yang dipandang lebih rasional. Lebih jauh lagi, perkembangan akal manusia saat ini justru memunculkan keraguan akan eksistensi Tuhan dan peranannya dalam kehidupan masyarakat modern. 

Armstrong banyak mencantumkan naskah-naskah kuno, seperti Enuma Elish yang merupakan kitab bagi kepercayaan Babilonia Kuno sampai Al Quran, untuk menggambarkan dasar pemikiran manusia mengenai Tuhan pada setiap kepercayaan. Kutipan-kutipan ini menunjukkan bahwa dasar pemikiran penulis didukung oleh bukti-bukti yang dapat dipercaya, di samping memberi pengetahuan lebih bagi para pembaca. Buku ini dilengkapi dengan lampiran sumber masing-masing kutipan yang digunakan dalam buku dan juga daftar buku yang disarankan untuk dibaca selanjutnya bagi pembaca yang ingin mendalami lebih lanjut tentang sejarah agama dan kaitannya dengan perkembangan budaya manusia. 

Kelebihan lain buku ini adalah jika umunmnya buku tentang ketuhanan rentan terhadap bias keyakinan si penulis, buku ini terbilang netral dan objektif dalam membicarakan setiap agama dan kepercayaan yang pernah ada. Hal ini menjadi nilai tambah mengingat Armstrong besar dalam lingkungan Katolik Roma dan pernah menjadi biarawati. Dalam menuliskan pandangan-pandangannya, Karen Armstrong, berusaha tidak mengeluarkan pendapat pribadinya mengenai kepercayaan tertentu secara langsung. Penulis hanya mengeluarkan pendapatnya mengenai anggapan manusia mengenai Tuhan dari zaman ke zaman. 

Sayangnya, buku ini banyak memakai istilah-istilah yang jarang diketahui masyarakat awam, terutama istilah keagamaan. Meskipun buku ini dilengkapi glosarium, pembaca yang umumnya tidak akrab dengan istilahistilah dari berbagai agama dan tidak memiliki dasar pengetahuan mengenai sejarah akan mengalami sedikit kesulitan dalam mengikuti isi buku.    

Pada akhirnya, buku ini dapat menjadi awal yang baik dalam mempelajari perkembangan agama dan keyakinan di dunia meskipun dalam membacanya perlu perhatian dan usaha lebih untuk memahaminya. Dengan mempelajari sejarah tentang Tuhan, kita dapat menarik beberapa pelajaran untuk menjawab kebutuhan masyarakat modern akan Tuhan seperti yang ditekankan oleh Armstrong. Hal ini mungkin merupakan satu-satunya pendapat pribadi Armstrong yang tersamar dalam seluruh isi buku, bahwa kebutuhan akan Tuhan merupakan naluri alamiah bagi tiap manusia dan dengan-Nyalah manusia dapat menjadi manusia seutuhnya.

 

source : Atsarina Larasati Anindya - Jurnal Sosioteknologi Edisi 24 Tahun 10, Desember 2011


Post Views: 3058


Leave a comment

Comments

bônus

Apostas esportivas, apostas eSports - Ganhe até X2000 jogos de aviador por dinheiro bônus

7 hours ago
Reply

forex affiliate program

Ahaa, its fastidious dialogue concerning this paragraph at this place at this blog, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

2 days ago
Reply

Binary option

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. Binary option

3 days ago
Reply

binary options

Currently it sounds like Movable Type is the top blogging platform available right now. (from what I've read) Is that what you're using on your blog?

6 days ago
Reply

free big pussy porno

Free porno adult free web cams porno free porno chat

1 week ago
Reply

site

Wow, awesome blog layout! How long hsve you ben blogging for? you made blogging lopk easy. The overall look of your website is great,let alone the content! site

2 weeks ago
Reply

Binary option

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. Binary option

3 weeks ago
Reply

binary options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. binary options

3 weeks ago
Reply

binary options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. binary options

3 weeks ago
Reply

binary options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. binary options

3 weeks ago
Reply

binary options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. binary options

3 weeks ago
Reply

Binary option

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. Binary option

3 weeks ago
Reply

binary options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 10$. Learn how to trade correctly. The more you earn, the more profit we get. binary options

3 weeks ago
Reply

Binary option

Guess the exchange rate, bitcoin and get money. Start with $10 and you can earn up to $1000 in a day, see how Here

4 weeks ago
Reply

Binary Options

Make money trading opions. The minimum deposit is 50$. Learn how to trade correctly. How to earn from $50 to $15000 a day. The more you earn, the more profit we get. I really hope I'm useful in some way .

1 month ago
Reply

forex affiliate

Internet earnings - attract new clients to binary options and get profit up to 50% (from $100-$50,000 per month). Payouts every week. Read more here. forex affiliate

1 month ago
Reply

affiliate binary options

Internet earnings - attract new clients to binary options and get profit up to 50% (from $100-$50,000 per month). Payouts every week. Read more here. affiliate binary options

1 month ago
Reply

Binary Options

Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and everything. Nevertheless think about if you added some great images or videos to give your posts more, "pop"! Your content is excellent but with pics and video clips, this site could definitely be one of the very best in its field. Terrific blog!

2 months ago
Reply

binary option signals

It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this brilliant blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

3 months ago
Reply

binary option trading

We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with helpful info to work on. You've performed an impressive task and our entire neighborhood will be thankful to you.

3 months ago
Reply

affiliate

I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site. Studying this info So i'm glad to convey that I've a very just right uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I such a lot surely will make certain to do not overlook this website and give it a glance on a constant basis.

3 months ago
Reply

forex

$ 7700 for 8 minutes Binary options trading strategy https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

4 months ago
Reply

best free binary options signals

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

4 months ago
Reply

binary options strategy free

Hey there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to give it a look. I'm definitely enjoying the information. I'm book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and wonderful style and design.

4 months ago
Reply

regal options binary

Hi there would you mind sharing which blog platform you're working with? I'm looking to start my own blog soon but I'm having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I'm looking for something unique. P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

4 months ago
Reply

binary options trading strategies 2016 nascar

Keep this going please, great job!

4 months ago
Reply

what are binary options uk

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

4 months ago
Reply

forex binary options system u76

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

4 months ago
Reply

trade binary options with metatrader forex

This is very interesting, You're a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

4 months ago
Reply

afzal ahmed binary options

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

5 months ago
Reply

free wifey porno videos

each time i used to read smaller posts that also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this paragraph which I am reading now.

5 months ago
Reply

data regresi logistik binary options

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

5 months ago
Reply

stampa pannelli forex bologna italy map

Hi, yes this piece of writing is truly pleasant and I have learned lot of things from it concerning blogging. thanks.

5 months ago
Reply

koperasi usahawan muda malaysia berhad kuasa forex

Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same topics? Thanks for your time!

5 months ago
Reply

australian binary options review

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

5 months ago
Reply

average true range indicator forex

I was more than happy to find this website. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it and i also have you saved as a favorite to check out new information on your website.

5 months ago
Reply

boss capital binary options scam

We will teach you how to earn $ 7000 per hour. Why? We will profit from your profit.https://go.binaryoption.ae/FmUKhe

5 months ago
Reply

60 seconds binary options strategy 2015 1040

Hi there, I enjoy reading through your article post. I like to write a little comment to support you.

5 months ago
Reply

robot forex 2016 professional

These are in fact impressive ideas in concerning blogging. You have touched some good points here. Any way keep up wrinting.

6 months ago
Reply

set and forget binary options trading

Tremendous issues here. I'm very satisfied to peer your article. Thank you so much and I am looking forward to touch you. Will you please drop me a mail?

6 months ago
Reply

buy cialis online uk

Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I've read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this site.

7 months ago
Reply

free phone number lookup by name

Wonderful post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic? I'd be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Thank you!

7 months ago
Reply

cialis online without prescription

This is my first time visit at here and i am genuinely impressed to read everthing at alone place.

7 months ago
Reply

generic 5mg cialis best price

Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to grasp so much about this, such as you wrote the e book in it or something. I think that you simply can do with some % to force the message house a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I'll definitely be back.

7 months ago
Reply

Copyrights © 2017 All rights reserved